Smart Textiles and Wearables, Applications Technologies and Markets

Smart Textiles & Wearables

Price GBP 2995 / USD 3995

Published May 2017Smart Textiles and Wearable Devices market research from Cientifica

Smart Textiles & Wearables from Cientifica analyses the markets and technologies that are driving the shift to smart textiles.

Key findings in the report include

  • Opportunities in smart textiles will overtake those in apparel within six years
  • Compound annual growth rates range from 14% in to 167% depending on the application
  • The value of nanomaterials used by the global textile industry will rise sharply from several hundred million dollars currently driven by the additional functionality demanded by smart textiles and wearables

Cientifica have been monitoring nanotechnology and smart textiles for over a decade and the report ranges from the latest advances in wearables to the use of nanofibers in dust and water filtration.

Nanotechnology, Smart Textiles & Wearables is the most up to date and comprehensive look at the sector and its 207 pages discuss over 250 companies active in the space.

Key Sections include:

Smart Textiles, Wearable Technologies and the 4th Industrial Revolution; looking at how textiles and computing are converging and the factors driving this.

Markets; analyzing the global market for nanotechnology and smart textiles by application area. This section looks at apparel, home textiles, medical textiles, military textiles, technical textiles and textile based wearables. It also provides figures for the nanomaterials inputs (materials, coatings, inks, masterbatches etc.) required for each application.

Nanotechnology and Graphene In Textiles; examining why these materials are being used in textiles and what advantages they confer.

Applications; giving detailed description of current and proposed applications of nanotechnology by sector and covers Clothing and Apparel, Sports and Wellbeing , Energy Storage and Generation , Energy Harvesting , Fashion, Entertainment, Personal Protection, Military Textiles., Home Textiles, Medical Textile and Technical textiles.

Key Technologies; explaining key components such as strain sensors, conductive fibers and photochromic textiles, along with examples of the types and application of each technology.

Table of Contents     

Contents…………………………………………………………………………………. 3

List of Tables…………………………………………………………………………… 8

List of Figures………………………………………………………………………….. 8

Introduction………………………………………………………………………………. 13

How to Use This Report……………………………………………………………. 13

Smart Textiles, Wearable Technologies and the 4th Industrial Revolution….. 15

The Evolution of Wearable Technologies……………………………………….. 16

Defining Smart Textiles……………………………………………………………… 20

Factors Affecting The Adoption of Smart Textiles…………………………….. 23

Cost………………………………………………………………………………….. 23

Accuracy……………………………………………………………………………. 23

On Shoring………………………………………………………………………….. 24

Power management………………………………………………………………. 24

Security and Privacy……………………………………………………………… 24

Markets……………………………………………………………………………………. 26

Adding Value to Textiles Through Nanotechnology…………………………… 26

How Nanomaterials Add Functionality and Value…………………………….. 30

CAGR By Sector……………………………………………………………………… 32

Apparel Textile Markets…………………………………………………………….. 32

Value of Nanomaterials Inputs for Apparel………………………………….. 32

Home Textile Markets………………………………………………………………. 35

Value of Nanomaterials Inputs for Home Textiles………………………….. 36

Medical Textile Markets……………………………………………………………. 37

Value of Nanomaterials Inputs for Medical Textiles……………………….. 38

Military Textile Markets…………………………………………………………….. 39

Value of Nanomaterials Inputs for Military Textiles………………………… 40

Technical Textile Markets………………………………………………………….. 41

Value of Nanomaterials Inputs for Technical Textiles……………………… 42

Textile Based Wearables…………………………………………………………… 43

Market Growth By Application…………………………………………………. 43

Business Models…………………………………………………………………….. 48

Nanotechnology and Graphene In Textiles………………………………………… 49

Current Applications of Nanotechnology in Textile Production…………….. 51

Nanotechnology in Fibers and Yarns…………………………………………. 51

Nano-Structured Composite Fibers…………………………………………… 51

Carbon Nanofibers and Carbon Nanoparticles……………………………… 52

Clay Nanoparticles……………………………………………………………….. 52

Metal Oxide Nanoparticles……………………………………………………… 52

Carbon Nanotubes………………………………………………………………… 52

Graphene……………………………………………………………………………. 53

Applications……………………………………………………………………………… 54

Clothing and Apparel………………………………………………………………… 54

Nano-Antibacterial Clothing Textiles………………………………………….. 59

Silver Nanoparticles……………………………………………………………. 60

Nanosilver Safety Concerns…………………………………………………. 65

Zinc/Copper/Doped Zinc Oxides…………………………………………… 65

UV/Sun/Radiation Protection…………………………………………………. 66

Hassle-free Clothing: Stain/Oil/Water Repellence, Anti-Static, Anti-Wrinkle 67

Anti-Fade……………………………………………………………………… 70

Comfort Issues: Perspiration Control, Moisture Management………… 71

Creative Appearance and Scent for High Street Fashions…………….. 73

Anti-Counterfeiting……………………………………………………………… 78

High Strength, Abrasion-Resistant Fabric Using Carbon Nanotubes.. 79

Nanotechnology For Home Laundry………………………………………… 79

Current Adopters of Nanotechnology in Clothing/Apparel Textiles…….. 80

Sports and Wellbeing……………………………………………………………….. 86

1st Generation Technologies…………………………………………………….. 86

Under Armour Healthbox Wearables…………………………………. 86

Adidas MiCoach………………………………………………………….. 86

Sensoria…………………………………………………………………….. 87

EMPA’s Long Term Research………………………………………….. 89

2nd Generation Technologies……………………………………………………. 90

Google’s Project Jacquard…………………………………………….. 90

Samsung Creative Lab………………………………………………….. 93

Microsoft Collaborations………………………………………………… 94

Intel Systems on a Chip………………………………………………… 95

Flex (Formerly Flextronics) and MAS Holdings…………………….. 95

Jiobit………………………………………………………………………… 95

Asensei Personal Trainer……………………………………………….. 97

OmSignal Smart Clothing……………………………………………….. 97

Ralph Lauren PoloTech………………………………………………….. 98

Hexoskin Performance Management……………………………….. 100

Healthwatch Technologies Heart Monitor………………………….. 100

Jabil Circuit Textile Heart Monitoring……………………………….. 102

Stretch Sense Sensors………………………………………………… 103

NTT Data and Toray……………………………………………………. 104

Goldwin Inc. and DoCoMo……………………………………………. 105

SupaSpot Inc Smart Sensors…………………………………………. 106

Wearable Experiments and Brand Marketing…………………….. 107

Wearable Life Sciences Antelope…………………………………… 107

Textronics NuMetrex…………………………………………………… 109

3rd Generation Technologies…………………………………………………… 110

AdvanPro Pressure Sensing Shoes…………………………………. 110

Tamicare 3D printed Wearables with Integrated Sensors……… 112

Cambridge Graphene Centre Washable Graphene Oxide Ink… 114

AiQ Smart Clothing Stainless Steel Yarns…………………………. 115

Flex Printed Inks And Conductive Yarns…………………………… 117

Sensing Tech Conductive Inks………………………………………. 118

EHO Textiles Body Motion Monitoring……………………………… 119

Bebop Sensors Washable E-Ink Sensors…………………………. 120

Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research Piezolectric Polymer Sensors        121

CLIM8 GEAR Heated Textiles………………………………………… 123

VTT Smart Clothing Human Thermal Model……………………….. 124

ATTACH (Adaptive Textiles Technology with Active Cooling and Heating)     125

Energy Storage and Generation…………………………………………………. 127

Intelligent Textiles Military Uniforms………………………………… 127

BAE Systems Broadsword Spine…………………………………… 128

Stretchable Batteries…………………………………………………… 129

LG Chem Cable Batteries…………………………………………….. 130

Supercapacitors……………………………………………………………. 131

Swinburne Graphene Supercapacitors…………………………….. 131

MIT Niobium Nanowire Supercapacitors…………………………… 131

Energy Harvesting………………………………………………………………….. 134

Kinetic……………………………………………………………………………… 134

StretchSense Energy Harvesting Kit………………………………… 134

NASA Environmental Sensing Fibers……………………………….. 134

Solar………………………………………………………………………………… 135

Powertextiles…………………………………………………………….. 135

Sphelar Power Corp Solar Textiles………………………………….. 136

Ohmatex and Powerweave…………………………………………… 136

Fashion……………………………………………………………………………….. 137

1st Generation Technologies…………………………………………………… 139

Cute Circuit LED Couture……………………………………………… 139

MAKEFASHION LED Couture…………………………………………. 141

2nd Generation Technologies………………………………………………….. 143

Covestro Luminous Clothing………………………………………….. 143

3rd Generation Technologies………………………………………………….. 144

The Unseen Temperature Sensitive Dyes…………………………. 144

Entertainment……………………………………………………………………….. 146

Wearable Experiments Marketing…………………………………… 146

Navigate Jacket…………………………………………………………. 147

Personal Protection………………………………………………………………… 147

Periosteum Based Textile…………………………………………….. 147

Medical Textiles…………………………………………………………………….. 150

Nanosilver Wound Dressings………………………………………… 150

Electrospun Nanofibers to Stop Bleeding……………………………. 150

Home Textiles……………………………………………………………………….. 153

Suzutora MASA Treatment for Curtains…………………………….. 153

Bedding…………………………………………………………………… 154

Silvon………………………………………………………………………. 154

Serta® Mattress Covers………………………………………………. 155

Schoeller Nanosphere®……………………………………………….. 155

MIPAN Nano Magic Silver®…………………………………………… 156

Military/Defence Textiles………………………………………………………….. 157

The 21st Century Battle Suit…………………………………………… 157

Stealth Coatings…………………………………………………………. 157

Technical Textiles………………………………………………………………….. 162

Industrial Nonwovens………………………………………………….. 162

H&V Nanowave Filtration Media……………………………………… 163

Donaldson Torit Nanofiber Dust Filters…………………………….. 163

Vileda Nanotech Micro Cloth…………………………………………. 166

Key Technologies……………………………………………………………………… 170

Circuitry…………………………………………………………………………. 170

Conductive Inks for Fabrics……………………………………………… 170

Conductive Ink For Printing On Stretchable Fabrics…………….. 170

Creative Materials Conductive Inks And Adhesives…………….. 170

Dupont Stretchable Electronic Inks…………………………………. 171

Aluminium Inks From Alink Co……………………………………….. 171

Conductive Fibers…………………………………………………………. 173

Circuitex Silver Coated Nylon………………………………………… 173

Textronics Yarns and Fibres………………………………………….. 173

Novonic Elastic Conductive Yarn……………………………………. 173

Copper Coated Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) Fibres…………………….. 174

Printed electronics…………………………………………………………. 175

Covestro TPU Films for Flexible Circuits…………………………… 175

Sensors……………………………………………………………………………. 177

Electrical………………………………………………………………………… 177

Hitoe……………………………………………………………………….. 177

Cocomi……………………………………………………………………. 178

Panasonic Polymer Resin…………………………………………….. 178

Cardiac Monitoring……………………………………………………… 179

Mechanical…………………………………………………………………….. 182

Strain…………………………………………………………………………. 182

Textile-Based Weft Knitted Strain Sensors……………………….. 182

Chain Mail Fabric for Smart Textiles………………………………… 182

Nano-Treatment for Conductive Fiber/Sensors…………………… 184

Piezoceramic materials………………………………………………… 185

Graphene-Based Woven Fabric…………………………………….. 185

Pressure Sensing………………………………………………………….. 186

LG Innotek Flexible Textile Pressure Sensors……………………. 186

Hong Kong Polytechnic University Pressure Sensing Fibers….. 187

Conductive Polymer Composite Coatings…………………………. 190

Printed Textile Sensors To Track Movement……………………… 192

Environment……………………………………………………………………. 194

Photochromic Textiles…………………………………………………. 194

Temperature………………………………………………………………… 194

Sefar PowerSens………………………………………………………… 194

Gasses & Chemicals……………………………………………………… 194

Textile Gas Sensors……………………………………………………. 194

Energy…………………………………………………………………………… 197

Storage……………………………………………………………………….. 197

Graphene Supercapacitors…………………………………………… 197

Niobium Nanowire Supercapacitors………………………………… 197

Stretchy supercapacitors……………………………………………… 198

Energy Generation…………………………………………………………. 199

StretchSense Energy Harvesting Kit………………………………… 199

Piezoelectric Or Thermoelectric Coated Fibres…………………… 200

Optical………………………………………………………………………….. 202

Light Emitting……………………………………………………………….. 202

University of Manchester Electroluminescent Inks and Yarns… 202

Polyera Wove……………………………………………………………. 202

Companies Mentioned……………………………………………………………….. 205

 

List of Tables

Table 1 CAGR by application…………………………………………………………….. 43

Table 2 Value of smart textile market by application 2016-25 (US$ millions)………. 45

Table 3 % market share by application………………………………………………….. 47

Table 4 CAGR 2016-25 by application………………………………………………….. 47

Table 5 Commonly used nanomaterials and their applications………………………. 49

 

List of Figures

Figure 1 The 4th Industrial Revolution (World Economic Forum)……………………. 15

Figure 2 Block Diagram of typical MEMS digital output motion sensor: ultra low-power high performance 3-axis “femto” accelerometer used in fitness tracking devices…………………………………………………….. 16

Figure 3 Interior of Fitbit Flex device (from iFixit)………………………………………. 17

Figure 4 Internal layout of Fitbit Flex. Red is the main CPU, orange is the BTLE chip, blue is a charger, yellow is the accelerometer (from iFixit)………………………………………………………………………………….. 17

Figure 5 Intel’s Curie processor stretches the definition of ‘wearable’……………….. 17

Figure 6 Typical Textile Based Wearable System Components………………………… 18

Figure 7 The Chromat Aeros Sports Bra “powered by Intel, inspired by wind, air and flight.”         19

Figure 8 The Evolution of Smart textiles…………………………………………………. 20

Figure 9 Goldwin’s C2fit IN-pulse sportswear using Toray’s Hitoe……………………. 21

Figure 10 Sensoglove reads grip pressure for golfers………………………………….. 21

Figure 11 Current World Textile Market by Sector (2016)…………………………….. 26

Figure 12 The Global Textile Market By Sector ($ Millions)……………………………. 26

Figure 13 Compound Annual Growth Rates (CAGR) by Sector (2016-25)…………… 27

Figure 14 The Global Textile Market in 2022…………………………………………… 28

Figure 15 The Global Textile Market in 2025…………………………………………… 29

Figure 16 Textile Market Evolution (2012-2025)………………………………………. 29

Figure 17 Total Value of Nanomaterials in Textiles 2016-2025 (US$ Millions)……… 30

Figure 18 Value of Nanomaterials in Textiles by Sector 2016-2025 (US$ Millions)…. 31

Figure 19 CAGR BY Sector 2016 – 2025…………………………………………………. 32

Figure 20 Nanotechnology Enabled Clothing/Apparel Textiles Market 2015-2025 (US$ Millions)  33

Figure 21 Value of Nanotech Inputs in Clothing Textiles 2015-2025 (US$ Millions).. 34

Figure 22 Nanotechnology Enabled Home Textiles Market 2015-25 (US$ Millions).. 35

Figure 23 Value of Nanomaterials in Home Textiles 2015 -2025 (US$ Millions)……. 36

Figure 24 Nanotechnology Enabled Medical Textiles 2015 -2025 (US$ Millions)….. 37

Figure 25 Value of Nanomaterials in Medical Textiles 2015 – 2025 (US$ Millions)… 38

Figure 26 Nanotechnology Enabled Military/Defense Textiles 2015 – 2025 (US$ Millions) 39

Figure 27 Value of Nanomaterials in Military/Defense Textiles 2015 – 2025 (US$ Millions) 40

Figure 28 Nanotechnology Enabled Technical Textiles 2015 – 2025 (US$ Millions). 41

Figure 29 Value of Nanomaterials in Technical Textiles 2015 – 2025 (US$ Millions). 42

Figure 30 Textile Based Wearables Growth 2016-25 (US$ Millions)…………………. 43

Figure 31 Total market for textile based wearables 2016-25 (US$ Millions)………… 44

Figure 32 Health and Sports Market Size 2016-20 (US$ Millions)……………………. 44

Figure 33 Health and Sports Market Size 2016-25 (US$ Millions)……………………. 45

Figure 34 Critical steps for obtaining FDA medical device approval………………….. 46

Figure 35 Market split between wellbeing and medical 2016-25…………………….. 47

Figure 36 ‘Intimacy White’ and ‘Intimacy Black’ introduced by the Dutch firm Studio Roosegaarde        55

Figure 37 Functional fashion Levi’s using Schoeller’s nanosphere technology……… 58

Figure 38 The Market for Anti-Bacterial Textiles………………………………………… 59

Figure 39 How antibacterial  ‘SmartSilver works……………………………………….. 60

Figure 40 Typical delivery formats of nano silver (from NanoHorizons Inc.)………… 61

Figure 41 A fiber coated with silver nanoparticles……………………………………… 62

Figure 42 BASF Ultramid BS416N® with TiO2 nanoparticles for UV protection……… 66

Figure 43 Nanex superhydrophobic nanopolymer coating……………………………. 68

Figure 44 Oil resistance of Inanova®……………………………………………………. 69

Figure 45 Klimeo – Microcapsules containing a natural temperature-regulating ingredient are applied in and on the fabric     72

Figure 46 Karma Chameleon Chenille Strip Prototype – photonic bandgap (PBG) fibers woven on a computer-controlled electronic Jacquard loom……………………………………………………………………….. 74

Figure 47 Karma Chameleon Leaf pattern using a white cotton warp, a white cotton weft and a PBG fiber weft to create individual illuminated designs………………………………………………………………….. 75

Figure 48 Products with Nano-Metal Coating Effect, Courtesy of Suzutora…………. 76

Figure 49 Teijin’s Morphotex allows colors without the use of dyes…………………. 77

Figure 50 Donna Sgro’s Morphotex dress………………………………………………. 78

Figure 51 Garments treated with metallic nanoparticles from the fashion line, “Glitterati    82

Figure 52 Clothing designed by Olivia Ong. The dress and jacket contain nanoparticles with antibacterial and air-purifying qualities 83

Figure 53 A scanning electron microscope image showing a cotton fiber with palladium nanoparticle coating   84

Figure 54 Smart Fabrics Offer Designers New Possibilities in Fashion……………….. 85

Figure 55 Adidas miCoach Connect Heart Rate Monitor………………………………. 87

Figure 56 Sensoria’s Hear Rate Monitoring Garments…………………………………. 88

Figure 57 Flexible components used in Google’s Project Jacquard…………………… 91

Figure 58 Google and Levi’s Smart Jacket……………………………………………….. 92

Figure 59 Embedded electronics Google’s Project Jacquard………………………….. 92

Figure 60 Samsung’s WELT ‘smart’ belt………………………………………………….. 93

Figure 61 Samsung Body Compass at CES16…………………………………………… 94

Figure 62 Lumo Run washable motion sensor………………………………………….. 95

Figure 63 OMSignal’s Smart Bra…………………………………………………………. 98

Figure 64 PoloTech Shirt from Ralph Lauren……………………………………………. 99

Figure 65 Hexoskin Data Acquisition and Processing………………………………… 100

Figure 66 Healthwatch ECG Shirt………………………………………………………. 101

Figure 67 Peak+™ Heart Rate Monitoring Garment…………………………………… 102

Figure 68 StretchSense CEO Ben O’Brien, with a fabric stretch sensor……………… 104

Figure 69 C3fit Pulse from Goldwin Inc……………………………………………….. 105

Figure 70 The Antelope Tank-Top……………………………………………………… 108

Figure 71 Sportswear with integrated sensors from Textronix……………………….. 110

Figure 72 AdvanPro’s pressure sensing insoles……………………………………….. 111

Figure 73 AdvanPro’s pressure sensing textile………………………………………… 112

Figure 74 Tamicare 3D Printing Sensors and Apparel………………………………… 113

Figure 75 Washable graphene ink on cotton…………………………………………. 115

Figure 76 Smart clothing using stainless steel yarns and textile sensors from AiQ… 116

Figure 77 EHO Smart Sock………………………………………………………………. 119

Figure 78 BeBop Smart Car Seat Sensor……………………………………………….. 121

Figure 79 Non-transparent printed sensors from Fraunhofer ISC…………………… 122

Figure 80 Clim8 Intelligent Heat Regulating Shirt…………………………………….. 123

Figure 81 Temperature regulating smart fabric printed at UC San Diego…………… 125

Figure 82 Intelligent Textiles Ltd smart uniform………………………………………. 128

Figure 83 BAE Systems Broadsword Spine…………………………………………….. 129

Figure 84 LG Chem cable-shaped lithium-ion battery powers an LED display even when twisted and strained    130

Figure 85 Supercapacitor yarn made of niobium nanowires………………………… 132

Figure 86 Sphelar Textile………………………………………………………………… 136

Figure 87 Sphelar Textile Solar Cells……………………………………………………. 136

Figure 88 Katy Perry wears Cute Circuit in 2010……………………………………… 138

Figure 89 Cute Circuit K Dress………………………………………………………….. 140

Figure 90 ‘intu’ graphene dress by Cute Circuit………………………………………. 141

Figure 91 MAKEFASHION runway at the Brother’s “Back to Business” conference, Nashville 2016 142

Figure 92 Covestro material with LEDs are positioned on formable films made from thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU).         143

Figure 93 Unseen headpiece, made of 4000 conductive Swarovski stones, changes color to correspond with localized brain activity………………………………………………………………………………………. 144

Figure 94 Eighthsense a coded couture piece………………………………………… 145

Figure 95 Durex Fundawear…………………………………………………………….. 146

Figure 96 Periosteum, a thin yet tough tissue that supports the bones……………. 148

Figure 97 The weaver’s loom used for Periosteum fibers……………………………. 149

Figure 98 Metal coated fabrics from Suzutora………………………………………… 153

Figure 90 Nanotech enabled bedding from Simmons……………………………….. 154

Figure 100 Silvon silver antibacterial bedding………………………………………… 155

Figure 101 Non-woven nanofiber performance layer on dust filter………………… 164

Figure 102 The effect of a nanofiber layer on a filter………………………………… 165

Figure 103 Vileda Professional Antibacterial Cleaning Cloths……………………….. 167

Figure 104 Printed fabric sensors from the University of Tokyo…………………….. 170

Figure 105 Aluminum Nanoparticle Ink from ALINK (Korea)…………………………. 172

Figure 106 Tony Kanaan’s shirt with electrically conductive nano-fibers………….. 177

Figure 107 Panasonic stretchable resin technology………………………………….. 179

Figure 108 Nanoflex moniroring system………………………………………………. 180

Figure 109 Knitted strain sensors………………………………………………………. 182

Figure 110 Chain Mail Fabric for Smart Textiles………………………………………. 183

Figure 111 Electroplated Fabric………………………………………………………… 184

Figure 112 LG Innotek flexible textile pressure sensors………………………………. 186

Figure 113 Smart Footwear installed with fabric sensors. (Credit: Image courtesy of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University)   188

Figure 114 SOFTCEPTOR™ textile strain sensors……………………………………… 190

Figure 115 conductive polymer composite coating for pressure sensing………….. 191

Figure 116 Fraunhofer ISC_ printed sensor……………………………………………. 192

Figure 117 The graphene-coated yarn sensor. (Image: ETRI)………………………… 195

Figure 118 Supercapacitor yarn made of niobium nanowires………………………. 197

Figure 119 StretchSense Energy Harvesting Kit……………………………………….. 200

Figure 120 Energy harvesting textiles at the University of Southampton…………… 201

Figure 121 Polyera Wove Flexible Screen……………………………………………… 203

 

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